Obtain your B+E License
Top qualified instructors will guide you through your training when you take your b+e licence . You will receive one to one instruction in a vehicle that has been specifically chosen for trailer training (some driving schools use the same cars for novice drivers).
The reversing modules will be taught in our off road centre (some driving schools use public car parks and are frequently asked to leave).
What expect on the test
- Introduction to your Examiner.
- Sign declaration of insurance cover.
- Eyesight check.
- To vehicle for Tell me show me questions by Examiner.
- The reversing exercise
- On the road for approx 40-60 mins to include independant drive and
- pulling up on the left.
- Back to test centre for uncoupling / re-coupling exercise.
- End of test.
You will be asked 5 questions, which will be a combination of ‘show me’ and ‘tell me’. A driving fault will be recorded for each incorrect answer to a maximum of four driving faults.
If you answer all 5 questions incorrectly a serious fault will be recorded.
These are basic safety checks that a driver should carry out to ensure the vehicle is safe for use. Although you may be asked to open the bonnet to identify where fluid levels would be checked, you will not be expected to touch a hot engine or physically check fluid levels.
As more and more vehicles are being equipped with electronic diagnostic systems, it will be acceptable for a candidate to refer to the vehicle information system when answering questions on fluid levels or tyre pressures.
These are an example of the type of questions you might be asked – and how to deal with them. (DSA – Practical Questions Copyright ©2003 eDrivingLessons.com)
- Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid.
- Identify reservoir, check level against high/low markings.
- Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working.
- Applying the indicators or hazard warning switch and checking functioning of all indicators.
- Tell me the main safety factors involved in loading this vehicle.
- The load should be distributed evenly throughout the trailer. Heavy items should be loaded as low as possible so that they are mainly over the axle(s). Bulkier, lighter items should be distributed to give a suitable ‘nose weight’ at the towing coupling. The nose weight should never exceed the vehicle manufacturer’s specification.
- Tell me the main safety factors involved in securing a load on this vehicle.
- Any load must be carried so that it does not endanger other road users. It must be securely stowed within the size and weight limits for the vehicle. The load needs to be secure so that it cannot move or fall from the vehicle when cornering or braking.
- Show me how you would check that your vehicle and trailer doors are secure.
- Physical checks should be made to ensure that windows, roof-light and all doors, including cargo doors, are properly closed.
- Tell me how you would check the tyres to ensure that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.
- No cuts and bulges, 1.6mm of tread depth across the central ¾ of the breadth of the tyre, and around the entire outer circumference.
- Show me how you would check that the horn is working (off road only).
- Check is carried out by using control (turn on ignition if necesary).
- Open the bonnet, indentify where you would check the engine coolant level and tell me how you would check that the engine has the correct level.
- Identify high/low level markings on header tank where fitted or radiator filler cap, and describe how to top up to correct level.
- Show me how you would check the parking brake for excessive wear.
- Demonstrate by applying parking brake that when it is fully applied it secures itself, and is not at the end of the working travel.
- Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washers and wipers.
- Operate control to wash and wipe windscreen (turn ignition on if necessary).
- Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively, this should include both front and rear screens.
- Set all relevant controls including: fan, temperature, air direction/source and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. Engine does not have to be started for this.
- Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you would use it/them. No need to exit vehicle.
- Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary), check warning light is on. Explain use.
- Show me how you would switch your headlight from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.
- Operate switch (with ignition or engine on if necessary), check with main beam warning light.
- Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working on this vehicle. (I can assist you, if you need to switch the ignition on, please don’t start the engine).
- Operate brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc., or ask someone to help.
- Tell me how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
- The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable. N.B. Some restraints might not be adjustable.
- Reversing under control and in a reasonable time.
- Using good observation.
- Obtaining reasonable accuracy.
- To start at a fixed point between two cones.
- Reversing inside a clearly defined boundary.
- Reverse so that Cone B (see diagram) is on the offside of your vehicle.
- Ensure that the extreme rear of your trailer is within the painted yellow box area at the end of the bay when you stop.
Reversing – Do
- Use control when reversing the vehicle.
- Use good all-round observation.
- Accurately judge the size of your vehicle and trailer.
Reversing – Do Not
- Approach the starting point too fast.
- Approach the fixed point cones at an angle.
- Stop beyond the fixed point cones cones.
- Turn the steering wheel incorrectly when starting to reverse.
- Over-steer so that any wheel goes over the yellow boundary.
- Fail to use effective observation around the vehicle.
- Allow any part of your vehicle to hit any of the cones or poles.
- Stop so that the rear of your vehicle and trailer is either short of, or beyond the yellow box in the bay.
The on road part of the test will last approximately one hour, and will include a wide variety of roads and traffic conditions.
You will be expected to demonstrate that you can move off smoothly and safely both uphill and downhill, and move off normally from the side of the road and at an angle.
As from October 2010 there will be a period of 10-12 mins of independent driving.
Driving Skills On Road (information derived from DSA “The Official Driving Test” p56.)
Show that you can safely:-
- Meet other vehicles.
- Cross the path of other vehicles.
- Keep a safe distance.
- Negotiate various types of roundabout.
- Exercise correct lane discipline.
Display courtesy and consideration to other road users especially:-
Apply correct procedure at:-
- Pedestrian crossings
- Level crossings
- Traffic signals
- Road Junctions
Show the Examiner:-
- Effective use of the mirrows.
- Correct use of signals.
- Alertness and anticipation.
- Correct use of speed.
- Observation of speed limits
Care in the use of the controls to reduce mechanical wear and tear.
This exercise is carried out when you return from the On Road driving exercise. You will be asked to stop where there is safe and level ground to uncouple the trailer and park the vehicle alongside the trailer, then move the vehicle and recouple the trailer.
When Uncoupling You Should:-
- Apply the handbrake.
- Disconnect the breakaway cable and stow away correctly.
- Disconnect the electric line and stow away correctly.
- Remove any safety chain or coupling.
- Ensure that the jockey wheel is lowered correctly.
- Release the coupling.
- Draw forward and park alongside the trailer.
You will now be asked to re-couple as if the trailer is “new and unfamiliar” to you.
When Re-coupling you should:-
- Check the handbrake on the trailer.
- Drive the vehicle forward, line up with the trailer and reverse back to approximately 3 feet from the drawbar.
You must NOT reverse straight up and re-couple, as you do not know if the hitch is at the right height.
- Get out of the vehicle and check the height of the drawbar.
- Reverse back until the vehicle and trailer touch.
Do NOT push the trailer backwards with the vehicle.
- Attach the breakaway cable.
- If necessary, release handbrake and adjust the trailer position then re-apply the hand brake.
- Re-connect the trailer to the vehicle.
- Show trailer is securely fastened to the vehicle by taking the jockey wheel the opposite way and lifting the rear of the vehicle, then lower.
- Put the jockey wheel away.
- Re-connect the electric line.
- Release the trailer brake.
- STOP – and check that everything is connected correctly.
As it is a new and unfamiliar trailer, you will need to carry out safety checks around the trailer:-
Doors, wheels, mudguards, lenses, corresponding number plate etc.,
Full light check to include brake lights, left and right indicators and side lights.
END OF TEST AND YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR RESULT AND DEBRIEF.